CONTENTS  

Home Page

This We Believe

Events
   Joan Baez Concert
   Tassajara Fire, 1999

Technical Reports

Map of Esselen Territory

Dictionary
   Esselen-English
   English-Esselen



Wilderness-Spirit Expeditions






 





   


Esselen Tribe of Monterey County
Technical Report



ENGLISH-ESSELEN DICTIONARY

compiled by D.L. Shaul


EnglishEsselenComments
abaloneklachi
able, bepapia
aboutxatam around, concerning a given topic
aboveausai x up
ache, totamakapa
acornpalatsax corn
acrossa'ai
afraid, bekia'elpax to fear; anxious, be
afternoonitsa
againhulin
agreehuwax assent; consent; permission, give
againstnaxamx next to, beside, by
aheadanemnno
aim, totaloxpa
airplaneasumpapis
alivepowa
allkominam
alonesinuki
alongnaxa
alreadyya
alsohulin
amiableowepas
amongnaxano
andlakai
Anglo(s)matshaipa
angry, besuxisa
answer, toop'alpax reply, to
antotsoipsha
anyha'ix some
apartanpekix separate
arisea'kxi
arm(s)lulusax
arrivelohoyisi
aroundsikosura
arrowlotosx bullet
arrowheadkumalyes
arroyokuchun
Arroyo SecoKuchun
as (postp.)tihakefexe tihak [as (in the capacity of) a human]
as (while) (conj.)teipasneni teipas [while going]
ascend, toyaxampa
ashestox
ask, to kia'alpax question, to
at-no, hanoiwano hano [at the house]
auntmechix
avoid, tosasipi
awakeakxepaki
babypanasis
back tonemulamNemulam ene nenilala. [I will not go back.]
backbonechawisax
backwardnemunahi
badpachki
badgermachkasax
badlypachwa
bake, toishpax roast
barnwakasiwacf. cow
barnacleshalakalx mussels
basketapitmakuscooking
baskettsilawater-tight
basketshakawinnowing
bathe, tolasapax wash
bay imilanosea
be (certain way)opaAlam Johnno opa. [He is like John.] Alam saleki opa. [He is a good person.]
be (equational)-kJohn exenoch-k. [John is a man.]
be (exist, live)cha'a
bearkoltalaanimal
beardiskoti
beatsma
beautifullolikix pretty, handsome
becomeespia
bed, go topokanisi
beforetoyoxul (conj.)
begin, toanamupax start
believe, tomechfa
behindnemux after
bellyiti'anax
below (postp.)halas
below (adv.)xuxuwai
bend, tostala
bet, tosuiyuhu
betweenna'ai
beyonda'ai
bigyukiski
birdchaphis
birth, giveaosapa
blacktumaski
blanketehepas
bleed, tomaxa'iyu
bloodmaxana
blowpowa
blueimitaski
boatwalkasux
bodymepxel
boil, topulpa
boilingpulpul
boneiya
bothersomea'nix
boulderyukishefe
bowpakunaxfor arrows
bottleku'ux
boyexepana
breadtsewin
breaksanpekpa
brokensanpeki
breastshexosax
breathe, topowama
bring, toslaha
brookchalola'si
brother, youngerxepna
brother, oldermi'its
brother-in-lawiwis
brownmatsaski
brush, towishpax comb, rake, sweep
buildingiwano
bulletlotos
bury, toefempa
but (conj.)lakam
buttockshiskisi
buy, totu'ix purchase
canpapia
canoewalkasax
canteenku'ux
canyonkuchun
carnenipis
carry, tolaha
catsmiskatas
ceremonylelima
certain way, be aopaAlam saleki opa. [S/he is a good person]
chestshexosax
chickenkayinipsha
chiefpatama
childpana
claws (n.)uloxi
clearxemelkidistinct
clearingama'ene
clearlyxemelwa
cloud(s)mech
coalsanax
coathitita
coldsutuki
comeiya
commandtetelpa
consist oflauya
cook, topulpa
cottontail rabbitchisi
cough, topoxwela
countrymatsa
count, topekwalana
cowwakas
cowboywakastaxau
coyotemachkas
crayfishchawa
creekchalola'si
crimepachspa
crowkakalux raven
cry, toshawa
cure, tonamoes
cypresstsumir
dance (n.)lelima
dance (iv.)mefpa
dark (adj.)alaki
daughtersholeta
dayasatsa
deadmohoki
deerami'sax
descendtupxu
deskmesa
deviltumasachpa
devilish, behachoxpa
die (v. sg.)moho
die (v. pl.)chunepa
distinctxemelki
distinctlyxemelwa
dizzytimama
dogshanasho
dogshushu
doghuchumas
do, tosihapa
dolphinpashishi
doneamumut(be )
don'tan-(verb)-kean'ampake [don't eat]
doorisanax
doveshilik
down(ward)xuxuwai
dream, topokohikpa[sleep-see]
drinketsepa
drunktimama
dryanaselki
duringlamhoko
eaglemahiwa
eartuxus
earthmatsa
eastashiyaxa
eatampa
eightkxulep-walanai
eightykxulep-walanai-tomoila
elbowtalanax
endamu
end, toamupax finish, to
enemyanawis
equallyewakawax even (equal)
esteem, totaheiya
evaluate, tosospa
evaluationsoski
eveningitsu
evenlyewakawa
excitedxilaki
existcha'a
exityakalpa
eyea'ha
faceawa
faint, toteposhke
fall, toxuxuma
farkueno
fartingekshuso'yi
fasten, tonakinampa
fatheraha'ya
father-in-lawlasha'u
feel, toelpax sense, to
fieldama'ene
fifteenmamakelenai
fiftypekmakx-tomoila
find, tota'a
finger(s)tuchulis
finishedamumut(be )
fireanax
fire, build alushumpa
fish (n.)kalul
fish, totakdamapa
fivepekmakxala
fleawoxehawi
fliesmumiruxinsects
flirt, totihikpa
floatasumpa
flouramuxe
flowasumpa
flowerhi'i
fly, toasumpa
fly mumiruxinsect
fogshanax
foodhamakshu
footkele
foreverewaimitano
forgetmanaleneipa
fortykxamakx-tomoila
fourkxamakxus
fourteenkxamakx-elenai
friendiwis
froganalaisax
from-ta, hataiwano hata [from the house]
front, inanemu
gamblesuiyuhu
gasoleneshikili{how about shikili-asanax}
get upakxi
girlsholeta, tapana
give, totoxesa
glad, behilapa
go, toneni
go downtupxu
go upyaxampa
goaltalox
goodsaleki
gophertanani
gossip, tomalpa
gossipermalpapisi
grandfatherexesax, metxi
grandmotheri'apa
grassami'chanax
grass hopperpolokoni
gravelilex
graytoxski
greenami'chaski
grinding stonepamametate {concave}, BRM
grinding stonekushemano {convex}
ground squirrelmexe
guard, totaxaupax keep
gullsanaxan
gutsapxatsku
hair, bodyhaka
hair, headxisi
hand(s)xushu
happy, behilapa
havesamas
hatpamuko
hate, toankolo
havesubject-no noun cha'aEne-no iwana cha'a [I have a house] (A house is at me)
hawkshekesipsha
hea'lam
headkxatasax
headmanpatama
healthyfoi-la
hearttikas
heavenot
heavyputuki
hellluchmatsa
her (obj.)huniki
her'sanish
herelai
hide, animaltsekes
hillayola
himhuniki
hiphiskisi
hisanish
hitsmax beat
holeimusa
honor, totaheiya
honorablelas-prefix to noun
hoofnenepasax
horse (n.)kawai
hotkoxki
houseiwana
how many?/much?konumis?
howeverlakam
humming birdumunipsha
hungry, bemashaipa
hunt, totakampa
huntertakampis
hurry, toshoshoyo
hurt, totamakapa
husbandexehawiki{nishexe*}
Iene
ice (n.)mis'uta
ifumasas
illanfoila
in-no, hanoiwano hano [in the house]
in order tohekepa
infantpanasis
intelligentelpa'pis
intestinesapkatsku
into-nahi, hanahiiwano hanahi [into the house]
ita'lam
itna-hasma [hit it] {card semi-unintelligible}
itsanish
jackrabbitsamas
join, toachepa
joke, totenimpa
judge, tosospa
judgementsoski
jugku'ux
jump, toxu'iyu
junipertsumir
keep, totaxaupa
killma
kneetalanax
knifekumal
knife, pocketxelusef
lampreyochololsafish
knows?, whomachi?
landmatsa
languagewelel
largeyakiski
laugha'ke
leave, toyakalpa
let'schili
lie downpokanisi
light (n.)xetsa
lighthelelkicolored
lightanputukinot heavy
like, totaheiya
like, beopa,John Harryno opa [John is like Harry]
like, be-s-kiJohn Harry-s-ki [John is like Harry]
likeableowepasx nice
littleukxuski
linnet (fish)sipuchan
lipskatusnax
live, tocha'ax dwell, stay
lizardmemnen
lobsterchawa
look, tosawux watch
look! apskule!lookout!
lot, amislaya
love, tokolo
machinesihapis
made, belauya
make, tosihapax do
manexenoch
man, oldlalihesi
manokushegrinding stone {convex}
married, behawi
married personhawiki
menicha
meadowama'ene
meattatsi
metatepama grinding stone {concave}
mistshanax
moneytinero
moontomanis'ashi[night sun]
mortarpamaBRM
mosquitopalaka
motherche'e
mother-in-lawi-si-kis
mountainpolomo
mountain lionxekes
mouthishi
muchmislaya
mushtsewin
musselshalakalx barnacles
mustmomo
mynish
nailsuloxifinger, toe
name (n.)map
named, belepa
nearxatam
neckwowel
necklaceamheni
nephewtutsu
nervous, bekia'elpax uneasy, be
nevermantaki
niceowepas
niecetutsu
nighttomanis
ninekxamakxus-walanai
noana
nonealepas(there is      )
northsufuno
nosehochis
nostril(s)hoske
notma'aliExenoch ma'ali ampa tatsi. [The man is not eating the meat.]
nothingana'i
nuisancea'nix
oakha'as
obey, tooloipa
oceanimila
oilshikili
old manlalihesi
old womanu'iyan
onepek
onlyefes, sinukisingle
orkes
orangematsaski
ordertetelpa
otterchichu
otter, seashushu'ipsha
ourlex
owlchai
paint, to (v.)chempax draw, to
particularsinuki
paw(s)nenepasax
pebblesilex
pelicanyeyexim
peniskawo
perhapskiax maybe
perish (v.)chunepa
personefexe, efe'xis
pigeonshilik
pineixai
plainyalax
plantsami'chanax
poleyuki'iwooden
poorlypachwa
porpoisepashishi
potsha'atx pan
prayalpa
pregnantsalamaki
probablymiskia
purify, tonamoes
put, tonompax place, to; position, to
put on, toeminapaeg: clothing, etc.
quailkumul
rabbitchisi, samas[cottontail, jack]
raccoonshashlana
ratmakel
rattlesnaketsetselkamaki
ravenishkax crow
ray of lightashi
redmaxanaski
reedkapana
relatehumulpato tell
return, toexuepa, make
riversanax
roasting panishpasha'at
rob, toxumapa
robeehepas
rockshefe
rootipimi, shechegrass roots used for basketry
run, toshampa
sadanhilapabe      
salamandermekelepsha
salivamakola
salmonkilinai
saltmakhalana
sandilex
sardinetupur
say, toalmax state, to
scratch, tohashopa
seaimila
seehikpa
seed(s)iyampas
sellantu'i
sevenkxulak-walanai
seventykxulak-walanai-tomoila
sexual intercoursechimasha
shamannamoespis
sharktemech
shea'lam
shipwaltasax
shoot, toukui
shoutshawa
sick, bemaka
sinpachspa
singlesinuki
sisterichi
sing, tomawipa
sisterichi
sister-in-law (n.)imis{spelling?}
sit downkoso
sitting, bekosoki
sixpek-walanai
sixteenpekshish
sixtypekwalanai-tomoila
skintsekesx peel, bark
skyimita
sleeppoko
sleep by the fire, toishtolo
sleepy, beatinia
smallukxuski
smartelpapis
smoke (n.)chaha
smoke (iv.)chahapa
smoke (iv.)shuknaspatobacco
snakeispisiksha
snowmatsexo
so thathekepax because
societypektin
soleeskeliof foot
somebodyhuiniki
someonehuiniki
somethinghekeiei = long a
sometimeimasas
somewherekeya
sonexepana, pana
soulmasianax
southkoxno
speakalpa
spear (n.)pawi
spear, topawimpa
spinechawisaxbackbone
spottedsuhuki
spousehawiki
squirrelhe'ex
stand, toitimpa
staratimu, amutata*
steal, toxumapa
sticki'i
stomachiti'anax
stoneilex, shefe
streamchalola'si
stupidalexapa
suffer, totamakapa
sunashi
sweat lodgematsa iwano[earth house]
swordfishanaya'wa
tablemesa
tailpawis
take, toyukla
take out, toukushpa
talk, toalpa
tarshikiliasphaltum
targettalox
tell, tohumulpa
tentomoila
thatanikinear
thatakalafar
theirlax
themlachi
thennasi
therehaniki
theseiniwa
theylach
thigh(s)wekhe'e
think, toloxma
thirteenkxulep-elenaiai = long i
thirtykxulep-tomoila
thisiniki
thoseaniwanear
thoseanemefar
threekxulefp at end of word turns to f
thus, beopa{thus?}
tie, tonakinampa
tired, bemawpa
to (postp.)-pami, hapamiiwana hapami [to the house]
toadanafai
tobaccoka'a
todaymashapa, in asatsano
togetherpektin
tonguewelel
tootha'hur
tortillatswin
treelawis
troughishpa-sha'at
trouttalin
true, bemantaxite
trulyefes
tulekapana
tunakoloicha
twelvekxulak-elenai
twentypek-efexetescf. efexe [human]
twoulax
un-an-
uncletsa'a
undernalas
underworldluchmatsa
unfasten, toannakinampa
unhappyankilapabe ___
unionpektin
unitypektin
unload, toukushpa
uslechi
untie, toannakinampa
untilteipa
valleyyalax
venisonamitatsi
vaginasixiha
verymislaya
virginisamis
wait, totaxosa
wake someone upsakxe
wake upakxepa
walk, tonehipa
waterasanax
welech
weepshawa
wellsalewa
westashi-tupxu
wetaselki
whalechemepsha
whatkiakit
whenimitanitithen when
when?imasas
wherekeya
where, toketspam
while (conj.)teipasneni teipas [while going]
whiletihak, lamhoko
whiskersiskoti
whiteheleski
whokinia
who knows?machi?
why?kaskiak, katski
wifetahawiki{nishta*}
wildcattaloma
wind (n.)powapisi
windowiwa'aha
winnowing basketshaka
with (by means of)-manu, hamanui'i hamamu [with the stick]
with (in the company of)-ma, hamaexenoch hama [with the man]
wolfhummux
womantanoch
wombsixiha
woodi'i
wordwelel
write, to (v.)chempa
yellowashiski
yesike
yesterdaylawa'ef
you (sg. nom.)name
you (sg. obj.)micha
you (pl. nom.)namech
you (pl. obj.)namechi
your (sg.)mish
your (pl.)namex
{comments by hummux}
* inserted by hummux